Talents Training for Industry Robots
Industrial robots are the main technology for “Made in China 2025” and are irreplaceable and important equipment in advanced manufacturing. As an advanced technology in the manufacturing industry, industrial robots represent the direction of emerging industries in the information society and play an important role in my country’s industrial progress and social development. At present, my country’s industrial robot industry is developing rapidly, forming a relatively complete industrial foundation, and playing an important role in the fields of manufacturing, national defense and military industry. In 2015, China’s robot market demand reached 64,200 units, accounting for 30% of the global total, ranking first in the world. In the next ten years, China’s robot market will maintain a high growth rate of at least 30%.
Industrial development urgently needs a large number of high-quality and highly skilled professionals, and the shortage of talents has become the bottleneck of industrial development. According to the national development plan, by 2020, the installed capacity of industrial robots will increase significantly, reaching 1 million units, requiring more than 200,000 professional practitioners in industrial robot applications. It is an inevitable trend for higher vocational colleges to set up industrial robot majors to meet the growing demand for technically skilled talents in society. It is an important mission of vocational colleges to cultivate high-skilled talents who meet the needs of robot system maintenance and maintenance, robot workstation installation, commissioning, maintenance and operation management. “Made in China 2025” puts forward higher requirements for the quality of employees, which is reflected in the demand for talent teams. In a nutshell, the demand for simple operational skilled workers is reduced, and the demand for high-end composite technologies with meticulous and meticulous work attitudes is reduced. Skilled workers are in greater demand. No matter whether an enterprise is engaged in innovation or transformation, it must have a group of senior technicians who are determined, down-to-earth, and striving for perfection. Vocational education should respond quickly and forcefully in the training of senior technicians specialized in industrial robots.
The current talent model is difficult to adapt to the development of the industry
China’s industrial robot market has continued to perform strongly in recent years, and the market capacity has continued to expand. The upsurge of industrial robots drives the new construction of robot industrial parks. So far, Shanghai, Xuzhou, Changzhou, Kunshan, Harbin, Tianjin, Chongqing, Tangshan, Qingdao and other places have started to build robot industrial parks, and the demand for talents is becoming more and more obvious.
- The wide application of industrial robots requires skilled professionals
Industrial robots are widely used in the upgrading and transformation of traditional manufacturing enterprises, and the industrial robot industry is facing many opportunities for development. At present, there are thousands of enterprises using robots in the Yangtze River Delta region, and there is a shortage of nearly 10,000 talents. Enterprises need specialized talents in robot installation, programming and maintenance.
- Structural contradictions in talent demand appear
There is a shortage of talents for industrial robot application engineers. Whether an industrial robot (robot arm) can be put into production and how effective it can be depends on the complexity of the production process, the diversity of products, and the degree of supporting facilities. However, to solve these problems requires 3 to 5 relevant operation and maintenance and integration application talents. At present, the demand for the application of robots in general industrial fields other than the automobile manufacturing industry is growing rapidly, while the quantity and quality of the corresponding talent pool are stretched. Industrial robot application (system integration) is a typical multidisciplinary cross-integration industry. The urgent task is to cultivate a large number of application engineering talents who master the knowledge of robot systems and can combine with the process requirements of various industries, so as to help users solve practical problems in the application of robots and achieve practical results. , in order to develop the robot market. It is not difficult to see from some recruitment requirements that technicians who operate robots are currently the most scarce skilled workers in enterprises. After the enterprise buys the industrial robot, if it wants to turn the standard robot into a special automation equipment that can be put into production, it needs the robot application engineer to combine the production process and the type of workpiece, through manual teaching programming and combined with peripheral auxiliary facilities Make the robot complete a specific task.
- Robot technology fails to accurately connect with regional economy
The robot industry is a key industry that Kunshan High-tech Zone combines industrial characteristics and advantages to cultivate and develop. As one of the top ten characteristic industrial bases in Kunshan, the robot industry was established in 2008. In 2009, an expert committee in the field of robotics was established, and Zhang Bo was hired Academicians and other well-known experts at home and abroad serve as committee members to provide guidance for industrial development. In 2010, it was approved as a characteristic industrial base in Suzhou. In 2012, it was awarded the title of Jiangsu Robot Characteristic Industrial Base and Jiangsu Robot Technology Industrial Park of the National Torch Program of the Torch Center of the Ministry of Science and Technology, and was approved to build Jiangsu Robot University Science Park. Local higher vocational colleges that serve regional development should make corresponding preparations and services for the talents needed for regional future industry development.
The formulation of the industrial robot application-oriented talent training system
At present, there is a need for high-quality, interdisciplinary talent training. To set up a robot major and build a robot training base, through teaching and practical training, can train a large number of high-level automation talents for enterprises and avoid the problem of talent shortage.
- Job Analysis of Industrial Robot Talents
Cultivate advanced talents who are engaged in the maintenance and adjustment of industrial robot equipment, the design, management and maintenance of production automation production lines, as well as the application, sales, promotion and after-sales technology of industrial robots in electromechanical equipment manufacturing enterprises, automation, numerical control technology, and mechatronics equipment application enterprises Applied technology talents.
- Reform teaching methods and teaching methods
In view of the fact that the mechanical and electrical professional knowledge related to industrial robots is boring, theoretical, and relatively abstract, in terms of teaching methods, we must establish a people-oriented, potential-tapping, teacher-student interaction education concept, and integrate quality education and ability training into the classroom of knowledge imparting In the future, we will change the previous single-feeding teaching that students passively accept, encourage students to think independently, stimulate students’ initiative in learning, strengthen two-way communication between teachers and students, and form an open and research-style teaching and educating atmosphere to cultivate students’ self-confidence. Practical ability and innovative consciousness. Adopt all-round and multi-method teaching methods, such as on-site teaching, laboratory teaching, physical teaching, multimedia teaching, video teaching and network teaching, etc., strengthen the construction of main courses, and comprehensively increase the proportion of modern educational technology application, so as to improve classroom teaching efficiency and The teaching effect of the course. In the implementation process, strive to promote the application of modern teaching methods based on multimedia-assisted teaching technology in practical teaching, such as the “start-stop-stop” circuit of three-phase asynchronous motors in “Electrical Control and PLC” Etc., you can use animation to simulate first, and demonstrate it through the laboratory module, and then let the teacher explain it. The classroom teaching effect is impressive. For example, in the course of “Computer Control Technology”, the effect of PID can be observed through simulation, and students can transform from imaginary understanding to reality Watch.
- Build an engineering ability and quality training system based on engineering objects
The engineering object teaching method is an engineering teaching method that compiles teaching materials for typical engineering objects and integrates theoretical explanation, experimental teaching, practical teaching, and innovative activities.
With the development of the industry and technological progress, the industrial robot industry needs more and more talents to invest in it. Colleges and universities need to combine society and enterprises to cultivate suitable talents. This is a gradual process, and education methods and means need to be continuously reformed to achieve better results. Apply more teaching methods to education to achieve better results.
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