The country’s favorable policies are continuously promulgated, and the robot market is blowing a spring breeze
Recently, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the National Development and Reform Commission, and the Ministry of Finance jointly issued therobotThe Industrial Development Plan (2016-2020) has blown the east wind for the entire Robot Industry.
1. Global Status
1. Global Status
The French market research company Yole predicts the future market size of the robot segment industry, and the overall market size will reach 46 billion US dollars by 2021.futureindustryRobots accounted for more than half; followed by defense robots, which are expected to account for nearly 20%; consumer robots ranked third; commercial robots only ranked fourth, but the growth rate will double in the next 5 years , is the fastest growing segment. Robots in the medical and security fields will also gradually take off.
Statistics show that sales in 2015 exceeded 240,000 units for the first time, reaching 248,000 units. Among them, the Chinese market is in the lead, with sales of 66,000 units, a year-on-year increase of 16%. Local Chinese robot makers are making progress, with a total of 22,257 units sold in 2015, and their market share increased from 25% in 2013 to 31% in 2015.
In 2015, European robot sales increased by 9% year-on-year to nearly 50,000 units. Eastern Europe was the main source of growth. Sales in the North American market rose 11% year over year to 34,000 units.
Global Industrial Robot sales grew by 12% in 2015, less than half of the 29% growth rate in 2014. The average global manufacturing robot density (the number of industrial robots used per 10,000 workers) has increased from 50 five years ago to 66, of which the robot density in industrialized countries generally exceeds 200.
Robot sales in China
In 2015, the sales of domestic multi-joint robots accelerated, with sales exceeding 6,000 units, a year-on-year increase of 71.7%, accounting for 27.4% of the total sales of domestic industrial robots.
Factory logistics robots sold more than 1,700 units, with a year-on-year growth rate of 93.7%.
Coordinate robots are still the main model of domestic industrial robots, with sales of nearly 10,600 units in 2015, accounting for 47.6% of total robot sales.
2,179 plane multi-joint robots were sold, a year-on-year decrease of 20.8%. Sales of parallel robots and cylindrical coordinate robots both achieved year-on-year growth.
The data shows that the proportion of low-end robots such as three-axis and four-axis among domestic industrial robots has decreased, while the proportion of products with higher technical added value is increasing, indicating that the product structure of domestic industrial robots is gradually optimizing.
2. Who are the leading robot companies in the world?
The industrialized countries in the world have established a complete industrial robot industry system, leading the core technology and product application, and have formed a few leading robot companies that occupy a leading position in the world.
3. Where is the gap between China?
The key link of the robot industry chain is missing, and the high-precision reducer and servo in the parts and components are missing.motorand controllers etc. dependent imports;
The core technology innovation ability is weak, and the quality and reliability of high-end products are low;
It is difficult to promote and apply robots, and the market share needs to be improved urgently;
The problem of “small, scattered and weak” enterprises is prominent, and the industrial competitiveness is lacking;
Robot standards, testing and certification systems need to be improved urgently.
4. The coexistence of needs and opportunities
The transformation of China’s production mode to flexible, intelligent and refined, it is imminent to build a new manufacturing system with intelligent manufacturing as the fundamental feature, and the demand for industrial robots will show a substantial increase.
The demand for service robots in the fields of aging social services, medical rehabilitation, disaster relief, public safety, education and entertainment, and major scientific research also shows a rapid development trend.
5. Industrial production and public service robots have the greatest potential
In the field of robot subdivision, there are many product categories. The following 10 iconic products are mentioned in the development plan. Most of them are industrial robots with further requirements on key performance parameters. It also includes robots in the direction of public services such as firefighting and medical care.
1. Arc welding robot
6 degrees of freedom multi-joint robot, the rated load of the medium and thick plate arc welding robot is ≥10kg, and the rated load of the thin plate arc welding robot is 6kg. Realize the application of key technologies such as arc tracking of weld track, high-voltage contact sensing, and arc tracking of weld groove width.
2. Vacuum (clean) robot
The maximum vacuum load is 15kg, the maximum clean load is 210kg, and the repeat positioning accuracy is ±0.05 ~ 0.1mm, which realizes the application of key technologies such as transmission lubrication, direct drive control, dynamic deviation detection and correction, and collision detection and protection in a vacuum environment.
3. Fully autonomous programming intelligent industrial robot
More than 6 degrees of freedom, adapt to the workpiece size range of 1m*1m*0.3m or more, with intelligent process expert system, can automatically obtain information to generate operation procedures, the whole process is not taught, automatic programming time is less than 1 second, meet the requirements of spraying, polishing, Grinding and other complex job requirements.
4. Human-robot collaborative robot
A multi-joint robot with more than 6 degrees of freedom, the self-weight-to-load ratio is less than 4, the repeat positioning accuracy is ±0.05mm, the force control accuracy is less than 5N, the response time of collision safety monitoring is less than 0.3s, and the whole arm safety sensing distance of the optional body sensing skin is less than 1cm , IP54 protection grade, suitable for industries with high requirements for flexibility, flexibility and precision, such as electronics, medicine, precision instruments and other industries, to meet the operational needs of more industrial production.
5. Two-armed robot
Each arm has more than 6 degrees of freedom, the joint rotation speed is ≥±180°/s, the average power consumption of the arms is <500W, the path planning function with collision detection of the arms, the integrated binocular vision positioning error <1mm, 2 fingers/3 Refers to the flexible gripper stroke ≥50mm, grasping force ≥30N, repeat positioning accuracy ±0.05mm, suitable for parts assembly lines in 3C electronics and other industries.
6. Overload AGV
Driving mode: all-wheel drive; maximum load capacity 40000Kg; maximum speed: straight line 20m/min; turning radius: 2m; auxiliary magnetic navigation accuracy: ±10mm; anti-collision device: laser anti-collision; lifting device: body self-lifting ; Lifting stroke: max. 100mm.
7. Fire Rescue Robot
To meet the needs of natural disasters and vicious accidents and other on-site disaster reconnaissance and rapid processing, in special environments such as high temperature and high pressure, toxic and harmful, it can complete tasks such as personnel search, disaster detection and positioning, fixed-point throwing, obstacle removal, fire fighting and rescue.
8. Surgical robots
redundancymechanicalThe number of degrees of freedom of the arm is not less than 6, the highest repeat position accuracy is better than 1mm, the measurement error on the selected point is not more than 1%, and various related operations can be completed.
9. Intelligent public service robots
Navigation mode: laser SLAM, maximum moving speed 0.6m/s, positioning accuracy ±100mm, positioning heading angle accuracy ±5°, maximum working time 3h, number of arms 2, single arm degrees of freedom 2-7, head degrees of freedom 1- 2. It has the functions of autonomous walking, human-computer interaction, explanation, and guidance.
10. Intelligent Nursing Robot
Facing the care needs of the elderly, it has the ability of intelligent perception and recognition, autonomous movement, etc., communicates with users, assists the elderly with housework, and provides a variety of nursing services.
Six, the main promotion industry
Automobiles, electronics, home appliances, aerospace, rail transit and other industries with a large amount of industrial robots;
Labor-intensive light industry, textile, logistics, building materials and other industries;
High-risk chemical industry, civil explosion and other industries;
Pharmaceutical, semiconductor, food and other industries that require high cleanliness of the production environment;
In the field of disaster relief and rescue, promote the demonstration application of professional service robots in natural disasters, fires, nuclear accidents, and dangerous goods explosion sites.
Medical, elderly and disabled, rehabilitation and other fields:
Carry out pilot demonstrations of escort and rehabilitation training robots among people with disabilities and cognitive impairments,
Carry out pilot demonstrations of intelligent prosthetics and exoskeleton robots in people with mobility impairments,
Carry out the pilot demonstration of surgical robots in the intelligent surgery centers of tertiary hospitals.
7. Break through the technical barriers of five types of key components
This is the key to breaking through technical barriers and breaking the long-term dependence on imports. It is the specific direction of technical research:
1. High precision reducer
Through the development of high-strength wear-resistant material technology, processing technology optimization technology, high-speed lubrication technology, high-precision assembly technology, reliability and life testing technology, and exploration of new transmission mechanisms, develop high-efficiency, low-weight, long-term maintenance-free suitable for robot applications. serialized reducer.
2. Servo motors and drivers for high-performance robots
Through the research of high magnetic material optimization, integrated optimization design, processing and assembly process optimization and other technologies, the efficiency of servo motors is improved, power loss is reduced, and high power density is achieved. Develop high-torque direct-drive motors, disc-type hollow motors and other special-purpose motors for robots.
3. High-speed high-performance controller
Through the development of high-performance joint servo, vibration suppression technology, inertia dynamic compensation technology, multi-joint high-precision motion solution and planning, etc., the motion accuracy and dynamic performance in high-speed variable load applications are improved. Develop and master the open controller software development platform technology to improve the scalability, portability and reliability of the robot controller.
Focus on the development of joint position, torque, vision, touch and other sensors to meet the application needs of the robot industry.
5. End effector
Focus on the development of multi-fingered dexterous hands with grasping and operating functions and end effectors such as grippers with quick-change functions to meet the application needs of the robotics industry.
Eight, innovation platform, standard system, testing and certification followed closely
Establish and improve the robot innovation platform. Make full use of and integrate existing scientific and technological resources and R&D strength, set up a robot innovation center for the whole industry, and create a collaborative innovation carrier that closely integrates government, industry, academia, and research. Focus on research on cutting-edge technologies and common key technologies.
Strengthen the construction of robot standard system. Carry out the top-level design of the robot standard system, build and improve the robot industry standard system, accelerate the research and formulation of various technical standards urgently needed by the industry, support the research and verification of robot evaluation standards, and actively participate in the formulation and revision of international standards.
Establish a robot testing and certification system. Establish and improve robot inspection and certification institutions represented by the National Robot Testing and Evaluation Center, promote the establishment of a third-party evaluation and certification system for robots, and carry out inspection and certification of complete robots and key functional components.
Nine, the country’s six major favorable policies
The state has brought convenience to the development of the robot industry from top-level design and policies, including strengthening overall planning and resource integration, increasing fiscal and taxation support, expanding investment and financing channels, creating a favorable market environment, strengthening talent team building, and expanding international exchanges work together.
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