Artificial intelligence is included in the legislative plan, Ma Huateng, Li Yanhong and Lei Jun rush to speak at the two sessions
The annual two sessions have started again!
Since the year when artificial intelligence was written into the government report, the technological color of the two sessions has become more and more intense. Just now, National People’s Congress spokesman Zhang Yesui said that artificial intelligence-related legislative items have been included in the legislative plan.
Big names in the technology circles such as Robin Li, Ma Huateng, and Lei Jun also offered their opinions and suggestions. From proposals to answering reporters’ questions, we also summarized their “scientific and technological voices” at this year’s two sessions.
Keyword one:AIand people’s livelihood
Looking closely at the proposals of this year’s deputies to the National People’s Congress in the technology circle, everyone has gathered aroundthe medicalKey areas such as education, agriculture, etc., put forward the bottlenecks encountered by technology in improving people’s livelihood and feasible policy guidance.
The news of “one screen” last year caused nationwide discussions on technological transformation of education. Netease Ding Lei, who has long been concerned about education, proposed in his proposal to build an urban-rural integrated “network digital school” and explore “AI + education”. Through a series of Intelligent hardware effectively combines online teaching and AI technology to connect teaching, learning, training, testing, and evaluation.
Figure | Netease founder Ding Lei
Taking intelligent transportation as an example, Li Yanhong pointed out that the integration of new technologies and urban traffic management is still in the early stage, and government policies are particularly critical in this period, including national guidance, establishment of data sharing and use mechanisms, and promotion of intelligent transportation infrastructure. Transformation and demonstration of intelligent transportation applications, and gradually promote to the whole country.
Figure | Baidu founder Robin Li
Lei Jun suggested that the country research, formulate and promulgate medium- and long-term development goals for intelligent transportation, and formulate corresponding laws, regulations and industry standards to support Industrial development, such as safety responsibilities and technical tests of driverless cars.
In addition to intelligent transportation, Lei Jun also talked about the strategy of “rural revitalization”. He suggested that relevant national departments formulate and introduce 5G agricultural application subsidies and preferential policies, build smart agricultural demonstration areas according to local conditions and gradually promote them, and improve high-tech applications in the agricultural field.
In terms of AI medical care, Robin Li still has something to say. He suggested improving the current electronic medical record management system, accelerating the scientific research and application of electronic medical records, and improving the technical standards and legal guarantees for data applications at the same time.
Wang Xiaochuan also continued to pay attention to the issue of medical reform this year. He proposed to accelerate the release of the potential of digital family doctors, empower grassroots health services, and advocated the opening of public data in the field of artificial intelligence.
Talking about the intelligentization of medical care inevitably involves the current data privacy protection, which is also one of the key words proposed by the tech giants in the two sessions.
Keyword 2: Data Openness and Privacy
Data can be said to exist like atoms in the internet society, and it is also one of the foundations of the current AI technology represented by deep learning. Wang Xiaochuan, Ma Huateng and Zhou Hongyi also mentioned this content during the two sessions.
Taking data opening as an example, Wang Xiaochuan said in his proposal that my country’s current public data opening still faces problems such as limited openness and poor quality of openness. The closed data environment restricts the development of artificial intelligence and people’s livelihood, and the potential of data has not yet been fully released. He proposed to increase the breadth of public data opening.
Figure | Sogou CEO Wang Xiaochuan
Baidu, which also has hundreds of millions of user data, also mentioned the current data usage. Li Yanhong proposed that the country should establish a data sharing and usage mechanism in the process of AI landing in industries, such as smart transportation and electronic medical records.
When it comes to data opening and sharing, Trump signed the Open Government Data Act at the end of January this year. The original intention of the bill was to support the development of artificial intelligence in the United States and expand researchers’ access to government data.
Also back in China, the opening and sharing of data is becoming the key to the implementation of technology.
The protection of data privacy involves the ethical and moral aspects of technology. Since the Facebook data leak last year, data privacy has become the sword of Damocles hanging over the heads of many companies.
Ma Huateng mentioned in the two sessions that the study of legal rules in emerging technology fields such as data, artificial intelligence, and gene editing should be accelerated. Rules and order to prevent and combat data abuse.
Figure | Tencent Chairman and CEO Ma Huateng
The boundaries between data openness and data security are often blurred. On the one hand, enterprises and scientific research institutions need a large amount of data to promote the implementation of technology;
In today’s opening speech of the National People’s Congress, Zhang Yesui also mentioned that the formulation of a personal information protection law is included in the current legislative plan, and he will strive to introduce it as soon as possible.
Keyword 3: 5G and Internet of Things
Taking this year’s MWC as the boundary, 5G has become the core keyword for operators, mobile phone factories and even chip factories. Also at this year’s two sessions, there were many proposals on 5G.
Lei Jun mentioned in an interview with reporters, “The most important thing about 5G is the impact on IoT, and Xiaomi’s AIoT is the core strategy. Therefore, 5G is very important to Xiaomi. In addition, 5G has great impact on existing communication, driverless driving, etc. have a major impact.”
In the proposals for the two sessions, Lei Jun suggested that the country lay out 5G industrial applications in advance, formulate corresponding industrial standards, and promote innovation in 5G and the Internet of Things from the four directions of industrial Internet of Things, smart agriculture, unmanned driving, Internet of Vehicles, and Internet of Medical Things. Fusion development.
Figure | Xiaomi Chairman Lei Jun
Zhang Yunyong, president of China Unicom Research Institute, replied during the two sessions, “In the second half of this year, 5G mobile phones will be launched sporadically, and the large-scale will wait until this time of the two sessions next year.”
In addition to the words and suggestions of the deputies to the National People’s Congress, 5G has truly “entered” the Great Hall of the People for the first time. China Central Radio and Television set up the “China Central Radio and Television Convergence Media Display Platform”, using the 5G new media experimental platform to broadcast live signals through 4K ultra-high-definition channels, and demonstrated the results of 5G·4K integrated production during the meeting.
In terms of the Internet of Things, Yang Yuanqing, Chairman and CEO of Lenovo Group, proposed to strengthen policy support for the intelligent Internet of Things industry and refine the implementation standards; Point and area to promote the experience of replicating feasibility.
Keyword 4: Technology Ethics and Regulations
When new technologies infiltrate traditional industries and even our daily life, it will inevitably bring ethical and moral challenges. In this regard, Ma Huateng and Li Yanhong both put forward some suggestions at this year’s two sessions.
Ma Huateng said that we should strengthen the institutionalization of science and technology ethics, formulate ethical guidelines at the national level, guide and regulate the application of new technologies, actively participate in the formulation of international standards and rules at the international level, and promote global governance in the field of new technologies, such as accelerating research data, Issues of legal rules in the fields of artificial intelligence, gene editing and other emerging technologies.
Robin Li also mentioned strengthening research on AI ethics. He suggested that government authorities should take the lead in organizing interdisciplinary industry experts, representatives of AI companies, industry users, and the public to carry out AI ethics research and top-level design. At the same time, Li Yanhong said in the interview that it is not too advanced to talk about AI legislation now.
As mentioned at the beginning, Zhang Yesui, the spokesperson of the National People’s Congress, said that the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress has included some legislative items closely related to artificial intelligence, such as the Digital Security Law, the Personal Information Protection Law and the revision of the Science and Technology Progress Law, etc. years of legislative planning. At the same time, legislation on artificial intelligence is included in the urgent research projects.
It is foreseeable that the boundaries of technology ethics and regulations will gradually surface.
Looking back at the proposals of the two sessions in the past few years, from the early emergence of early technology to the implementation of the industry, the deputies of the people’s congress in the technology circle can be said to follow the rhythm of the industry and put forward many constructive proposals step by step. Judging from these key words this year, new technologies centered on AI will take root in the depths of the industry under the promotion of national policies and the gradual improvement of industry standards.
Finally, after the rules of the Science and Technology Innovation Board were officially implemented, many technology giants were also asked whether they would return to the Science and Technology Innovation Board, just like last year when they were asked whether they would return to A shares. observe.
Pre: ABB 3HNA023093-001 PDB-02 Next: In line with the trend of the times, ...