Agricultural robots come to the application window period to help the food security of tens of billions of people in the future
Recently, the team of Professor Yang Fuzeng, School of Mechanical and electronic Engineering, Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University developed my country’s first double-arm picking applerobothas received extensive attention from the industry, which means that my country’sagricultural robotAnother major breakthrough has been made in the field.
It is understood that compared with the same type of Robots at home and abroad, the dual-arm apple picking robot of Wesnong University has achieved technological overtaking in many aspects. First, the robot recognition speed is as low as 0.015 seconds; Dexterous; thirdly, the working mode of two arms coordination greatly improves the picking efficiency of the whole machine.
Apple picking occupies a major part of the entire apple industry chain, accounting for about 40% of the workload in the entire production process, and as high as 50%-70% of the total production cost. If picking can be done by robots, it will It can reduce the cost of picking and greatly improve the efficiency, which is of great significance to promote more people to eat apples.
Agricultural robots are robots used in agricultural production. They can be controlled by different program software. They are a new generation of unmanned automatic machines that can adapt to various agricultural operating environments. They can reduce labor intensity, solve labor shortages, and improve labor productivity and operation quality. Prevent pesticides, chemical fertilizers, etc. from harming the human body.
The agricultural operation scene is complex, so there are many types of robots. According to the different focuses of the work content, the common ones are picking robots, weeding robots, fertilizing robots, spraying robots, pollination robots, farming robots and so on.
Today, cutting-edge technologies such as artificial intelligence, big data, and the internet of Things are changing this era, and the mode of agricultural production has also changed from mechanization toDigitizingMoving forward, precision agriculture technology has quietly changed the traditional agricultural production model, and the stage of high-end intelligence is gradually coming.
The application potential of agricultural robots in the agricultural field is huge. It can effectively solve problems such as low production efficiency and labor reduction. Especially in the context of the long-term impact of the new crown epidemic, increasing the promotion and application of agricultural robots in many fields can help solve manual operations. Practical difficulties such as reduction and lack of contact between personnel.
In recent years, my country is also accelerating the research and development of agricultural robots. Agricultural robots have shown great advantages in improving agricultural productivity, changing agricultural production models, solving labor shortages, and realizing agricultural scale, diversification, and precision. , has gradually become an important direction in the field of agricultural engineering.
Not long ago, the United Nations announced that the world population will reach 8 billion on November 15, 2022. And it is expected that the global population will grow to about 8.5 billion in 2030, 9.7 billion in 2050, and reach a peak of about 10.4 billion after 2080, and maintain this level until 2100.
The growing population will place an increasing burden on food security. According to the “2022 State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World” released in July this year, as many as 828 million people in the world will be affected by hunger by 2021, which shows an increase. Food production is imminent.
The use of agricultural robots can carry out digital agricultural operations to achieve precision, intelligence and high efficiency, thereby increasing food production. At the same time, it can also be combined with technologies such as soilless cultivation to create a truly unmanned farm that can be produced anywhere. Food, in this way will truly solve the food problem of tens of billions of people in the future.
At present, my country’s agricultural robot market is still in its infancy, and the market size is not large, but the growth rate is surprising. According to the data, the market size of my country’s agricultural robot market in 2014 was 91 million yuan. In 2019, the scale of my country’s agricultural robot market increased to 497 million yuan. All aspects of the growth of about 30% or more.
This is also an opportunity for robotics companies. Everyone is on the same starting line. Agriculture is a typical labor-intensive industry, and labor costs account for almost 41% of the total agricultural expenditure. Machine substitution has a sufficiently attractive price-performance ratio, and agricultural production It is too hard, and most young people are unwilling to do it, and it is an inevitable trend to use robots instead.
Since the release and implementation of “Made in China 2025”, the development of high-end agricultural robot equipment has become an important task for the society. The “14th Five-Year Plan” Robot Industry Development Plan issued at the end of last year clearly pointed out that it is necessary to focus on the development of agricultural robots such as weeding in orchards, precision plant protection, picking and harvesting, livestock and poultry feeding, and sludge cleaning.
Not long ago, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the Department of Agricultural Mechanization Management collected and released typical application scenarios of robots in the agricultural field, forming a batch of replicable and referential results. Some organizations predict that the market size of the agricultural robot industry will reach 1.044 billion yuan in 2026, with promising development prospects.
Regarding the development of agricultural robots, some experts in the industry said that it is expected that 2024 will be the “trigger year” for agricultural robots. After the preparation and testing in recent years, it will continue to grow in the next two years, and shipments will begin to accelerate significantly in 2024. . The cost of farm automation packages will also start to gradually come down, further driving mass adoption.
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